How the two major parties differ on conservation, the environment, climate change, and energy policy

Republican and Democratic positions as stated in their official party platforms.

From the 2016 Republican Party Platform

From the 2016 Democratic Party Platform

We reject the agendas of both the Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement.

We demand an immediate halt to U.S. funding for the U.N.’s Framework Convention on Climate Change.

The EPA’s Waters of the United States (WOTUS) rule, issued jointly with the Army Corps of Engineers, is a travesty…and must be invalidated.

We propose to shift responsibility for environmental regulation from the federal bureaucracy to the states and to transform the EPA into an independent bipartisan commission…with structural safeguards against politicized science.

[T]he President killed [the Keystone Pipeline] to satisfy environmental extremists. We intend to finish that pipeline and others.

[W]e support the opening of public lands and the outer continental shelf to exploration and responsible production.

[The] Clean Power Plan – the centerpiece of the President’s war on coal – has been stayed by the Supreme Court. We will do away with it altogether.

We will…forbid the EPA to regulate carbon dioxide.

The…Administration now requires the Department of Defense, operating with slashed budgets during a time of expanding conflict, to use its scarce resources to generate 25 percent of its electricity from renewables by 2025. Climate change is far from this nation’s most pressing national security issue. This is the triumph of extremism over common sense, and Congress must stop it.

We support the development of all forms of energy that are marketable in a free economy without subsidies, including coal, oil, natural gas, nuclear power, and hydropower. A federal judge has struck down the BLM’s rule on hydraulic fracturing and we support upholding this decision. We respect the states’ proven ability to regulate the use of hydraulic fracturing, methane emissions, and horizontal drilling.

Democrats share a deep commitment to tackling the climate challenge…

reducing greenhouse gas emissions more than 80 percent below 2005 levels by 2050… meeting the pledge President Obama put forward in the landmark Paris Agreement.

We believe America must be running entirely on clean energy by mid-century. We will take bold steps to slash carbon pollution and protect clean air at home, lead the fight against climate change around the world…as we accelerate the transition to a clean energy economy… Democrats reject the notion that we have to choose between protecting our planet and creating good-paying jobs. We can and we will do both.

Democrats are committed to defending, implementing, and extending smart pollution and efficiency standards, including the Clean Power Plan, fuel economy standards for automobiles and heavy-duty vehicles, building codes and appliance standards.

[W]e support taking steps to power the government with 100 percent clean electricity.

We will…oppose efforts by utilities to limit consumer choice or slow clean energy deployment.

We support a comprehensive approach that ensures all federal decisions going forward contribute to solving, not significantly exacerbating, climate change.

The fight against climate change must not leave any community out or behind.

We oppose drilling in the Arctic and off the Atlantic coast, and believe we need to reform fossil fuel leasing on public lands.

We believe the United States must lead in forging a robust global solution to the climate crisis. We are committed to a national mobilization, and to leading a global effort to mobilize nations to address this threat on a scale not seen since World War II. In the first 100 days of the next administration, the President will convene a summit of the world’s best engineers, climate scientists, policy experts, activists, and indigenous communities to chart a course to solve the climate crisis. Our generation must lead the fight against climate change.

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